Travelogue: Toronto

I have been to Toronto many times this past year. Each time I go there I find more to explore – this city has become a truly great, culturally diverse, metropolitan destination. Below I have listed some of the many places I have been to on past trips but this trip was a quick one.  If you have the good fortune to have a decent amount of time to visit while you are there, I recommend checking out the city by neighborhood in order to get to know it better.  A great blog to check out for the city is BlogTO.com.

I have waited for the opportunity for my friend Jake to have a free weekend to visit TO with me.  He recently had a couple of free days so we took advantage of them and met there in mid-May.  I had expressed an interest in seeing the Banksy documentary, Exit Through the Gift Shop, and he, of course, wanted to check out some beer places while we were there.  We decided on a few things that would fit comfortably into a 36-hour window of opportunity.

Aside from the endless culturally diverse things to do there, the other reasons I hit Toronto are for the food and great beer.  I had wanted to see if we could get into the audience taping for the CBC Talk Show, The Hour with George Stroumbouloploulos (Strombo), but our schedule didn’t work out.  The Hour has become my favorite interview show on television.  It’s on CBC weeknights at 11 pm EST or you can catch it online. The format primarily consists of two interviews conducted by Strombo along with news updates.  It’s casual, hip and unlike late night TV in the US., Strombo does not wear a suit and tie (the Johnny Carson obligatory Late-Night legacy uniform). He has interviewed everyone from social activists to Hollywood stars. (The US Late Night programs seem very dated compared to this show – they could take a lesson from it. The only Late Night host who seems to buck the system now is Craig Ferguson – and he’s from Scotland.) I have been to an audience taping for The Hour and it’s actually a lot of fun.

After ruling this out, we decided to go to some of my favorite places, The Fish Store in Little Italy, Victory Cafe in the

The Fish Store

The Fish Store

Annex and Prague Fine Food Emporium on Queen St. West.  We also swung by the Art Gallery of Ontario (AGO) to look at the exterior installation mounted on the front facade by Barbara Kruger for the CONTACT Photography Festival.

We started out at lunch time and made our way to the Little Italy section of town. I wanted to take Jake to The Fish Store (657 College St. at Beatrice), a tiny storefront that sells – well, fresh fish.  But they also have a small take out menu with one of the best sandwiches I have ever eaten.  Thankfully, it was a warm, sunny day and we were able to grab one of a handful of tables outside in front of the store.  We went in to order our sandwiches both deciding on the Sockeye Salmon which is served on a Portuguese roll with lettuce and tomato with a mild vinaigrette.  It’s almost impossible to describe how great this sandwich is but the accompanying picture does much to tell the tale.  Everything about this is fresh – fish, produce and roll.  In fact the rolls, come from the bakery across the street, Golden Wheat (652 College St.) – a good place for dessert if you have room left over.

Sockeye salmon sandwich at The Fish Store

Sockeye salmon sandwich at The Fish Store

The fish itself is sauteed perfectly and it’s large enough to make it a great meal by itself. The good news is that two sandwiches plus drinks cost $22 Cdn. This is a great deal all the way around.  If you want to have a more leisurely and full meal, there are many small neighborhood restaurants along College Street to pick from.  But if you want to do something special, keep going west for a few blocks and treat yourself to a wonderful meal at the Portuguese place, Chiado (864 College St.). This place pulls out all the stops flying fresh fish in from Portugal daily.  Just be prepared to spend a lot more for a meal there.

Once we ate lunch, we headed to Yorkville to the Cumberland Theater (159 Cumberland St.)  to see Exit Through the Gift Shop.  This neighborhood is filled with designer clothing shops, pricey restaurants and small art galleries.  The Four Seasons Hotel is just around the corner on Avenue Rd. This is a hub for stars visiting during TIFF (Toronto International Film Festival).  So, if you don’t want to be crushed by fans – I suggest not coming here during the festival.  The Cumberland Theater is basically an upscale art house in the middle of all this decadence.  The screening room itself was rather small and probably very nice to see certain types of films there.  After seeing the film, it felt ironic that it was playing in such a monied neighborhood.  We really enjoyed this film and you can read about it in the Film / Media section of this site.

From here we planned to have beers and food at the Victory Cafe. This is a great pub at 581 Markham St. just south of Bloor West.  So, we took the Bloor subway to the Markham St. Station and walked a couple of blocks south to get there. The Victory has an outdoor patio for imbibing during the nice weather but we prefer to go inside and sit in a booth near the bar so we can see all the taps.  Jake was in pig-shit heaven when he saw all the beer selections.  Forever addicted to cask conditioned English bitter ales, wherever he goes he always tries whatever is available on cask.  He started with a pint of Mill St Cobblestone Stout – and never looked back after that. To see a full list of what they have on tap visit their website at www.victorycafe.ca.  For eats, their menu has many typical dishes you might find at a pub.  I had their pulled pork sandwich and Jake had their chicken curry. Both were filling and tasty.  I have also read that their macaroni and cheese is among the best you can get in the city.  So if that’s your preference, I recommend it.  After several rounds of great ales, I dragged Jake out of there and we headed south to the Art Gallery of Ontario (AGO).

The AGO is a world class museum.  The building was re-designed by architect Frank Gehry in 2008 and is stunning from certain vantage points.  AGO, Barabara KrugerI wanted to see the exterior photo installation by artist Barbara Kruger which was installed for the city-wide photography festival, CONTACT, which is held annually in May. We got there with plenty of daylight remaining for me to take some photos of her installation.  I had mixed feelings about it. Barbara Kruger has been an iconic artist, a woman who has pioneered this field.  I have an enormous respect for her accomplishments.  But I couldn’t help comparing this installation with the street art I had seen in Banksy’s film the day before. This installation was a pure example of her established style – so there were no surprises here.  But the most interesting thing was that I thought it was essentially an example of “institutionalized street art”.  And, it was no doubt expensive to mount.  It felt stilted – and dated.

AGO, detail, Barbara Kruger installation UNtitled (It)

AGO, detail, Barbara Kruger installation Untitled (It)

All the things that good street art is not.  Still, this was a very ambitious installation that ran the length of the front facade of the building.  After a good long look, we headed to the next pub on our list for a night cap.  Smokeless Joe’s (125 John St.) is a very small pub with many great beers both on tap and bottled.  This pub is very small and in a basement location so if you aren’t looking for it specifically – you can walk right by it.  To enter, you have to walk down some steps and once inside – it is a long narrow room with the bar almost the length of the room.  During the nicer weather, you can drink outside in their small street side patio.  I have been to this place during different seasons and weather conditions.  By far, I love coming here in the dead of winter to drink beer because you feel like you are in a warm, cocoon protected from the outside cold with genial company and always with great beer.  We both had a pint of Durham County ESB – and Jake had more after that – and we talked about the itinerary for the next day after which we stumbled back to our hotel.

We had to catch flights in the afternoon the following day so we had just enough time to eat a late morning breakfast.  So, that morning we took the tram down Queen St. West and ate a great breakfast at Prague Fine Food Emporium (638 Queen St. West).

This is great deli/diner which specializes in Czech foods. It’s on the small side so when we arrived all the tables across from the deli counter were filled. So, we sat at the window on stools which actually gave us a great view of the street.

Prague Fine Food Emporium

Prague Fine Food Emporium

Jake chose the Palacinky stuffed with strawberry, banana, and orange covered with blueberry yogurt compote. The Palacinky is a cross between a crepe and a pancake. Stuffed with the sweet fruit and blueberry sauce – it was a delicious and satisfying beginning to the day. I had the Czech-Break which is a plate filled with bread dumplings, scrambled eggs and kielbasa. The kielbasa tasted more like ham than sausage but was good nonetheless. The bread dumplings were small pieces of savory french toast grilled with scrambled eggs and the kielbasa. We debated getting apple strudel to go but decided against it – this time. I have had this before and it is heavenly.   After our meal, we caught a cab and headed for the airport.  Jake was impressed with this city and we both promised ourselves that we would be back soon.



The Fish Store    657 College St.

Cumberland Theater   159 Cumberland St.

Victory Cafe   581 Markham St.    www.victorycafe.ca

Art Gallery of Toronto (AGO)    Queen St. West   www.ago.net

Smokeless Joe’s    125 John St.

Prague Fine Food Emporium    638 Queen St. West  www.theprague.ca


A few other recommended things to do and places to go in TO:

The Hour    CBC Broadcasting Centre   25 John Street    www.cbc.ca/thehour/tickets.html

MOCCA   Museum of Contemporary Canadian Arts   952 Queen Street West   www.mocca.ca

St. Lawrence Market    92 Front Street East    www.stlawrencemarket.com

C’est What   67 Front Street East    www.cestwhat.com

Distillery District    Parliament and Mill Sts.   www.thedistillerydistrict.com

Rodney’s Oyster House   469 King Street West    www.rodneysoysterhouse.com

By the Way Cafe   400 Bloor Street West    www.bythewaycafe.com

Chiado   864 College St.   www.chiadorestaurant.com

Lee Garden   331 Spadina Ave   www.leegardenrestaurant.ca

Rol San  323 Spadina Ave



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Fair Use: What is “Fair”?

Copyright practices have become a front-burner issue as more creative works are posted on the Web. While the online environment provides an efficient and expedient way to market all kinds of work, once it is posted there is little protection against intellectual property theft.  The following the second in a series of articles describing some current thoughts aimed at finding solutions to current copyright practices that can no longer effectively meet the needs of the accelerated evolution of the contents on the world wide web.

The practice of using old culture to create new works is ancient, but the relatively recent development of the Web as a venue for posting creative works has led to an explosion in remix culture.

Thanks to the Web, you can effortlessly find and take, borrow, or steal (as the case may be) existing material for inspiration in your work.  Others can also do the same to any original work you may have posted online.

While copyright law provides, at least theoretically, robust protection for creators of all genres, copyrighted work may be legally used in some situations.  The tricky part is figuring out what uses are acceptable.

The concept of fair use has been recognized by U.S. courts for about 150 years and was incorporated in the Copyright Act of 1976. The law provides that copyrighted material may be used, without charge or penalty, for the purposes of comment, criticism, news reporting, teaching, scholarship and research. The factors considered in determining whether the use of copyrighted work is fair include

1.      the purpose character of the use

2.       the nature of the copyrighted work

3.      the amount and substantiality of the portion used in relation to the copyrighted work as a whole

4.      the effect of the use upon the potential market value of the copyrighted work.

Peter Jaszi, law professor at American University, describes fair use as a balancing tool that allows creators to make new work based on old culture without taking any rights away from a copyright holder.  His view of fair use is a far cry from that of James Boyle, (see ‘The Copyright Dilemma’) who argues that current copyright law needs to be completely reworked so that it doesn’t squash collaboration, innovation and creativity.

Regardless, the fair use doctrine leaves much up to court interpretation.  In practice, judges have consistently considered the following questions when determining whether a use is fair:

1.      Did the unlicensed use “transform” the material taken from the copyrighted work by using it for a different purpose than that of the original, or did it just repeat the work for the same intent and value as the original?

2.      Was the material taken appropriate in kind and amount, considering the nature of the copyrighted work and of the use?

Fair use can be seen as a doctrine that keeps copyright law from infringing on the right to free speech provided by the first amendment.

American University’s Center for Social Media tackled the ambiguous issue of fair use for online video by putting together a ‘Code of Best Practices.’ People in a wide variety of industries encounter fair use issues every day without even thinking about them. A code of best practices defines fair use for a particular industry, taking care of some of the question marks created by the fair use doctrine of the Copyright Act of 1976. Visithttp://www.centerforsocialmedia.org/resources/publications/fair_use_in_online_video/ to read or watch a seven-minute video synopsis of the code.

Sometimes you can use other people’s work without even worrying about fair use. Check out this document created by AU’s Center for social media about freely using online video: http://www.centerforsocialmedia.org/files/pdf/free_use.pdf. You also don’t have to worry about using works in the public domain. The Cornell Law School website provides a chart that can help you decide if a copyright term on a particular work has expired: http://www.copyright.cornell.edu/public_domain/.

Also, keep your eye out for Creative Commons licenses that more and more creators are attaching to their work. These specify how you may or may not use someone a particular work. You may want to consider one of these licenses for your own work post on the Web if you’re concerned about how people will use it.


Sources and more information:

http://www.centerforsocialmedia.org/resources/publications/fair_use_in_online_video/

http://www.centerforsocialmedia.org/files/pdf/free_use.pdf

http://www.copyright.gov/title17/92chap1.html#107

http://www.copyright.cornell.edu/public_domain/

http://malor.wordpress.com/2008/03/04/what-bloggers-should-know-about-copyright-and-fair-use/

http://creativecommons.org/




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